April’s Birthstone is Diamond.
Diamond is the most popular stone in the world and is the classic choice for an engagement or wedding ring.
Diamond is also the gem that marks the 60th and 75th wedding anniversaries.
Diamond forms under high temperature and pressure conditions that exist only about 100 miles beneath the earth’s surface.
Diamonds are the hardest material on earth: 58 times harder than anything else in nature.
The 4Cs, created by GIA, are considered the global language of diamond quality.
(clarity, color, cut, carat weight)
Diamond is the only gem composed of one single element: carbon.
Diamond’s carbon atoms are bonded in essentially the same way in all directions. Another mineral, graphite, also contains only carbon, but its formation process and crystal structure are very different. Graphite is so soft that you can write with it, while diamond is so hard that you can only scratch it with another diamond.
Fun Fact – “Lucy” in the Sky – Fifty light years from earth, this star is a 10 billion-trillion-trillion carat diamond.
Where are Diamonds found?
Most of the currently producing Diamond Mines are in Africa and South America. However Russia, Canada, Austria, China and India each have their own diamond mine as well.
The average yield in most diamond mines is 1 part diamond to 1 million parts host rock.